Agriculture, with its allied sectors, is unequivocally the largest livelihood provider in India, and more so in the vast rural areas, contributing a significant figure to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Sustainable agriculture, in terms of food security, rural employment, and environmentally sustainable technologies such as soil conservation, sustainable natural resource management and biodiversity protection, are essential for holistic rural development. To give agricultural growth a boost, a shift must be made from concentrating on the country’s food security to focusing on the farmers’ income security.
Indian nation has recorded impressive achievements in agriculture during three decades since the inception of green revolution in late sixties. The government has constituted a panel,
which will recommend ways to double the income of farmers by 2022. Albeit, an overtly ambitious target, if we need to boost agricultural growth a shift from food security of the nation to income security of the farmers is imperative. In terms of agricultural output, India is ranked second in the world. India is also the largest producer in the world for milk, cashew nuts, coconuts, tea, ginger, turmeric and black pepper. India boasts of the largest cattle population: 193 million, in the entire world, as well. Presently, Indian agriculture is witnessing a phase of diversification. During recent years, much awareness has been generated on shifting to high-yielding varieties (HYV) of crops from conventional crops. This has enabled a successful transition in Indian agriculture from its stagnation to a growth path.
- Agriculture continues to be the backbone of Indian economy
- Agriculture sector employs 54.6% of the total workforce
- Favorable agro-climatic zones are available
- Huge irrigated lands do exist
- There’s an abundant supply of skilled, educated, technical and scientific workforce suitable for this field
- India is also the second largest producer of wheat, rice, sugar, groundnut and inland fish
- India is home to 10 per cent of the world fruit production with first rank in the production of fruits like banana and sapota
- Agricultural product is the 4th largest exported principal commodity with a share of 10 per cent of total exports of the country
- Agriculture start-ups are a happening area, which is already unleashing umpteen opportunities for start-ups and strengthen the supply chain in the Indian agricultural scenario