Heightening Horticulture

Floriculture & Green houses

Government of India has identified floriculture as a sunrise industry and accorded it 100% export oriented status. Owing to steady increase in demand of flower floriculture has become one of the important Commercial trades in Agriculture. Hence commercial floriculture has emerged as hi-tech activity-taking place under controlled climatic conditions inside greenhouse. Floriculture in India, is being viewed as a high growth Industry. Commercial floriculture is becoming important from the export angle. The liberalization of industrial and trade policies paved the way for development of export-oriented production of cut flowers. The new seed policy had already made it feasible to import planting material of international varieties. It has been found that commercial floriculture has higher potential per unit area than most of the field crops and is therefore a lucrative business. Indian floriculture industry has been shifting from traditional flowers to cut flowers for export purposes. The liberalized economy has given an impetus to the Indian entrepreneurs for establishing export oriented floriculture units under controlled climatic conditions.Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority, is responsible for export promotion and development of floriculture in India. Floriculture products mainly consist of cut flowers, pot plants, cut foilage, seeds bulbs, tubers, rooted cuttings and dried flowers or leaves. The important floricultural crops in the international cut flower trade are rose, carnation, chrysanthemum, gargera, gladiolus, gypsophila, liastris, nerine, orchids, archilea, anthuriu, tulip, and lilies. Floriculture crops like gerberas, carnation, etc. are grown in green houses. The open field crops are chrysanthemum, roses, gaillardia, lily marygold, aster, tuberose etc.

In contemporary times, the horticulture sector is recognized as an important sector for potential diversification and value addition in agriculture.

The first advance estimate for the year, reveals the total production to be at 305.4 million tonnes, which is nearly 5 million tonnes more than the production in 2016-17. India is all set to see a new record of horticulture viz. fruits, vegetables, spices and plantation crops production in 2017-18.

The second advance estimate of horticulture production noted that even the area under the horticulture crops had recorded an increase: from 245 lakh hectares in 2015-16 to 249 lakh hectares in
2016-17. Further growth is now envisioned.

Higher production is mainly attributed to increase in productivity as sown area under the horticulture crops has increased over the years.

‘Cultivators of the earth are the most valuable citizens of earth. They are the most vigorous, the most independent and the most virtuous. An artist cannot speak about his art any more than a plant can discuss horticulture. The horticulture sector includes a smorgasbord of crops viz. fruits, vegetables, spices, plantation crops, flowers, medicinal and aromatic plants, cashew and much more.
Growing horticulture crops pose to be an ideal option to improve livelihood security, enhance employment generation, and attain income and food security, and increase income through value addition.

  • India is likely to record the highest ever production of horticulture produce, including fruits and vegetables, very soon.
  • The estimate shows that the current year will be the fifth straight year when horticulture production in the country will outstrip the production of food-grains.
  • The final production figures for the year 2016-17 show that the overall horticulture production in the country outstripped the food grain production fifth year in a row, beginning the rising trend since 2012-13.