Generally, poultry farming means, raising various types of domestic birds for the purpose of producing foods like eggs and meat. Nowadays, most of the people are using the poultry as the synonym of chickens. Because chickens are the widely raised poultry birds. Along with chickens ducks, geese, turkeys, guinea fowl, quails, peacock etc. are also popular domestic poultry birds. In India, various types of poultry birds are being raised from a long time ago. The largest number of poultry population in India is found in Andhra Pradesh followed by Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, West Bengal, Karnataka, Bihar, Orissa, Kerala, Assam, Uttar Pradesh and Punjab. Some important urban areas like Mumbai, Pune, Nagpur, Kolkata, Delhi, Chandigarh, Bangalore, Chennai, Hyderabad, Shimla, Bhubaneswar, Ajmer etc. are raising poultry through a developed poultry farming systems. West Bengal and some other regions like Assam, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Orissa etc. are the most suitable place for duck farming.
Benefits of Poultry Farming in India
There are many benefits of commercial #poultryfarming in India. The main benefits are listed below.
- Poultry farming business can provide a great employment source for the job seeking people.
- This is such a business in India that can never dry up.
- All types of poultry product has a great demand in the market inside India. And there are no religious taboo about consuming the poultry meat and eggs.
- Highly productive local and foreign breeds are available for commercial production.
- Required initial investment is not too high. You can start with small scale production and elaborate it gradually.
- Bank loans are available throughout the country.
- Numerous farms are available and you can easily learn about poultry farming from those established farmers.
Advantages of Pig Farming in India
Commercial #pigfarming in India for meat production is one of the best and profitable business ideas for the Indian people. There are several highly meat producing pig breeds available around the globe. Some of those are very suitable for commercial meat production according to the weather and climate of India.
A few years back, pig farming had a bad image in the society (only socially back warded down-trodden class Indian people used to raise pigs since the time immemorial and they were not respectable people). But at present the scenario has changed tremendously and commercial pig farming in India is no more restricted to lower class people.
Now people are conscious about the economic value of pigs like other domestic livestock animals. And higher caste, educated people also started commercial pig farming business in a modern and scientific manner. China, Russia, America, Brazil and West Germany are the world largest pig producing country.
In India Uttar Pradesh is the largest pig producing state. However, here I am describing the advantages and required steps for starting commercial pig farming in India.
Pig farming has many advantages. Here, I am shortly describing the main advantages of starting commercial pig farming business in India.
- Pigs grow faster than any other animals. They have higher feed conversion efficiency. That means, they have a great feed to meat converting ratio. They can convert all types of inedible feeds, forages, certain grains byproduct obtained from mills, damaged feeds, meat byproducts, garbage etc. into valuable, nutritious and delicious meat.
- Pigs can eat and consume almost all types of feed including grains, damaged food, forage, fruits, vegetables, garbage, sugarcane etc. Sometimes they even eat grasses and other green plants or roots.
- Pigs become mature earlier than other animals. A sow can be bred for first time at their age of 8-9 months. They can farrow twice a year. And in each farrowing they give birth of 8-12 piglets.
- Setting up pig farming business is easy and it requires little capital/investment for building houses and buying equipment.
- The ratio of total consumable meat and total body weight is higher in pigs. We can get around 60 to 80 percent consumable meat from a live pig.
- Pig meat is also one of the most nutritious and tasty meat. It is higer in fat and energy and lower in water.
- Pig manure is a great and widely used fertilizer. You can use this manure for both crop production and in pond for fish farming purpose.
- Pig fat also has a huge demand in poultry feed, paints, soap and chemical industries. And this demand is continuously increasing.
The #livestock population of India is huge and #animals as a whole play an important role in the #agriculturaleconomy even though they often receive inadequate nourishment. Slaughter of cattle in India is prohibited in all but a few states since Hindus believe that cows and other animals may contain reincarnated human souls. The slaughter of buffaloes is not as offensive to the religious beliefs of Hindus, and buffaloes are slaughtered for meat.
In 2001 there were an estimated 219.6 million head of cattle, representing about 15% of the world’s total and more than in any other country. There are eight breeds of #buffalo, 26 #cattle breeds, and numerous crossbreeds. The bovine inventory in 2001 also included 94.1 million buffalo. Other livestock in 2001 included 123.5 million #goats, 58.2 million #sheep, 17.5 million #hogs, 900,000 camels, 750,000 asses, 800,000 horses, and 735 million chickens. Bullocks (steers) and water buffalo are important draft animals. Dairy farming has made India self-sufficient in butter and powdered milk. Dairying in India is undertaken on millions of small farms, where one to three milk animals are raised on less than a hectare (2.5 acres), and yields consist of two to three liters of milk daily. To improve milk production, a dairy development program was begun in 1978 to build up the milch herd to 150 million crossbred cows. Milk output in 2001 from over 35 million dairy #cows was estimated at 37.1 million tons, second in the world. Egg production in 2001 was 1,906,000 tons. The production of cattle and buffalo hides and goat- and sheepskins is a major industry. About 53,700 tons of wool were produced in 2001. Silk production that year amounted to 15,000 tons, second highest after China. Animal dung is also used for fuel and fertilizer.